keywords: Bauchi State, determinant, groundnut production, technical efficiency
The study was conducted in Bauchi State, with a view to examining the technical efficiency (TE) of sole groundnut farmers in the state, which invariably has a direct bearing on profitability. It focuses on farmers who plant only groundnut, given that little is known about technical efficiency of sole groundnut in the state. The result reveals that most of farmers were male (70.12%), small scale (cultivating less than 5 ha.), married (82.87%) and were literates (96.37%). Majority of the farmers (61.32 %) were within the range of 35-50 years, with a mean age of 42 years and a standard deviation of 6.5. Sole groundnut farmers in the study area had a mean efficiency 0.75, implying that they were on the average, 75% efficient. Hence, their TEs can still be raised by 25% through improvement in extension services in the state. The minimum TE was 0.37 (37%), while the maximum was 0.97 (97%). Constraints encountered include; poor access to farm credit, Unfavourable prices of groundnut especially at harvest, Poor road network, high cost of labour and problems of pests and diseases. There is the need to restructure the extension services of the ADP through; provision of efficient transport facility, improved condition of service, adequate funding and regular training and retraining of staff for effective service delivery. Government is also advised to reinstate its subsidy policy on inputs especially fertilizers, hybrid seeds and other agrochemicals through the use of national identity card project to reach all the targeted farmers.
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