keywords: Dietary quality, food security, health perception, home garden, households
The study examined the effects of home garden, socio-economic characteristics and health status perception on dietary diversity among households in Oyo State, Nigeria. Some households were studied by means of multistage sampling procedure using questionnaire as interview guide for data collection and descriptive statistics and truncated Poisson regression as analytical tools. The majority (72.5%) of the households are headed by males with 35% of the households owning home gardens. An average household has food diversity score of approximately 9 out of 12 food groups, indicating consumption of foods of moderately high variety. Income (p<0.05), presence of children (p<0.01) and adolescents (p<0.01), possession of home garden (p<0.05), and poor health status perception (p<0.05) are factors with strong positive influence on dietary diversity. Although the effect may be minuscule, subjective assessment of health status as being excellent diminishes food consumption variety. Whereas efforts to promote home gardening for foods and boost household income are recommended for improved diet, we stress that idiosyncratic perception of household members’ health can be a subtle pathway impeding consumption of more variety foods. Hence, the need to call closer attention to the potential danger subjective health evaluation could portend for food and nutrition security at household level.
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