(A Peer Review Journal)
e–ISSN: 2408–5162; p–ISSN: 2048–5170


Pages: 743-747
D. Akerele, S.Awoyemi, R. A. Sanusi and S. B.Ibrahim

keywords: Dietary quality, food security, health perception, home garden, households


The study examined the effects of home garden, socio-economic characteristics and health status perception on dietary diversity among households in Oyo State, Nigeria. Some households were studied by means of multistage sampling procedure using questionnaire as interview guide for data collection and descriptive statistics and truncated Poisson regression as analytical tools. The majority (72.5%) of the households are headed by males with 35% of the households owning home gardens. An average household has food diversity score of approximately 9 out of 12 food groups, indicating consumption of foods of moderately high variety. Income (p<0.05), presence of children (p<0.01) and adolescents (p<0.01), possession of home garden (p<0.05), and poor health status perception (p<0.05) are factors with strong positive influence on dietary diversity. Although the effect may be minuscule, subjective assessment of health status as being excellent diminishes food consumption variety. Whereas efforts to promote home gardening for foods and boost household income are recommended for improved diet, we stress that idiosyncratic perception of household members’ health can be a subtle pathway impeding consumption of more variety foods. Hence, the need to call closer attention to the potential danger subjective health evaluation could portend for food and nutrition security at household level.


Akerele D &Odeniyi KA 2015. Demand for diverse diets: Evidence from Nigeria. Paper prepared for presentation at the 89th Annual Conference of the Agricultural Economics Society, University of Warwick, United Kingdom, 13th – 15th April, 2015. Akerele D &ShittuAM 2015. Diverse Farm Systems Influence Food Consumption Diversity in Rural Nigeria: Issues for Policy Consideration and Implications for Nigeria’s Food Systems. Proceedings of the National Conference of Agricultural Economists, Wudil, 2015, pp. 227 – 232. Bukania ZN, Mwangi M, KaranjaRM, Mutisya R, Kombe Y, Kaduka LU & Johns T 2014. Food insecurity and not dietary diversity is a predictor of nutrition status in children within semi arid agro-ecological zones in Eastern Kenya. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/ 907153. Cameron AC &Trivedi TK 2010.Microeconometrics using STATA.Revised Edition.Stata Press, 706 pages. Doan D 2014. Does Income Growth Improve Diet Diversity in China? Selected Paper for Presentation at the 58th Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society Annual Conference, Port Macquarie, New South, 4 – 7 February, 2014. GalhenaH, Freed H &Maredia KM 2013. Home gardens: a promising approach to enhance household food security and wellbeing. Agriculture and Food Security, 2(8): 1-13. Goshu D, Kassa B &Ketema M 2013.Measuring diet quantity and quality dimensions of food security in rural Ethiopia.J. Devt. & Agric.Econ., 5(5): 174-185. Keding GB &Cogill B 2013.Linking nutrition and agro biodiversity.http://www.fao.org/filead min/user_upload/agn/pdf/KedingandCogill_paper_1July.pdf Harris-Fry F, Azad K, Kuddus A, Shaha S, Nahar B, Hossen M, Younes L, Costello A &Fottrell E 2015. Socio-economic determinants of households food security and women’s dietary diversity in Bangladesh: A cross-sectional study. J. Health, Popul. &Nutr., 33(2): 1 – 12. Ihab AN, RohanaAJ, Wan MananWM, Wan SuriatiWN, Zalilah MS &Rusli AM 2012. Food expenditure and diet diversity score are predictors of household food insecurity among low income households in rural district of Kelantan Malaysia. Pak. J. Nutr., 10(11): 869-875. Landon-Lane C 2004 Livelihoods grow in gardens - Diversifying rural income through home garden, Volume 2. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20043130327. Mayanja M, Rubaire-Akiiki C, Morton J, Young S & Greiner T 2015.Diet diversity in pastoral and agro-pastoral households in Ugandan rangeland ecosystems.Ecol. Food &Nutr., 54: 529 – 545. Ogundari K 2013.Determinants of food poverty-states and the demand for dietary diversity in Nigeria. Contributed paper prepared for presentation at the 4th International Conference of the African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE), Cape Town, Hammamet, Tunisia, pp. 22-25. Ruel MT 2002. Is dietary diversity an indicator of food security or dietary quality? A review of measurement issues and research needs. FCND Discussion Paper 140. Washington DC: International Food Policy Research Institute. Ruel MT 2003.Operationalizing dietary diversity: A review of measurement issues and research priorities.The Journal of Nutrition, 133(1): 3911 – 3926. Sealey-Potts C & Potts AC 2014.An assessment of dietary diversity and nutritional status of preschool children.Austin J. Nutr. & Food Sci., 2(7): 1 – 5. Sedodo NS, Akinlotan JV, Akinlua O, Abosede OP & Isaac OS 2014.Dietary diversity score and nutritional status of undergraduates in south west Nigeria.J.Obesity &Weight Loss Therapy, 4: 1-3. SibhatuKT, Krishna VV&Qaim M 2015. Production diversity and dietary diversity in smallholder farm households. Proceeding of National Academy of Science of the USA, 12(34): 10657 – 10662. Styen NP, NelJH, Nantel G, Kennedy G &Labadarios D 2006. Food variety and dietary diversity scores in children: are they good indicators of dietary adequacy. Public Health Nutrition, 5(9): 644-650. Swindale A &Bilinsky P 2006. Household dietary diversity score (HDDS) for measurement of household food access: Indicator Guide (v.2). Washington, D.C.: FHI 360/FANTA. Taruvinga A, Muchenje V &Mushunje A 2013. Determinants of rural household dietary diversity: The case of Amatole and Nyadeni districts, South Africa. Int. J. Devt. & Sustainability 2(4): 2233-2247. Thiele S & Weiss C 2003. Consumer demand for food diversity: Evidence for Germany. Food Policy 28(2): 99-115. Torheim LE, Ouattara F, Diarra MM, Thiam FD, Barikmo I, Hatloy A &Oshaug A 2004. Nutrient adequacy and dietary diversity in rural Mali: Association and determinants. J. Clinical Nutrition, 58: 594-604. Workicho A, Belachew T, Feyissa GT, Wondafrash B, Lachat C, Verstraeten R &Kolsteren P 2016. Household dietary diversity and animal source food consumption in Ethiopia: Evidence from the 2011 welfare monitoring survey. BMC Public Health, 16: (1192): 2 – 11. Zakaria H &Laribick DB 2014. Socio-economic determinants of dietary diversity among women of child bearing age in northern Ghana. Food Sci. & Qual. Mgt., 34: 12 – 25.