(A Peer Review Journal)
e–ISSN: 2408–5162; p–ISSN: 2048–5170


Pages: 748-750

keywords: Minerals,Momordicacharantia,Momordica cissoids,Momordicafoetida, phytochemicals


The results of the phytochemical screening revealed the presence of saponin, tannin, phenols, alkaloids, terpenoids, steroids, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, glycosides and reducing sugar. Saponin, tannin, phenols, alkaloids, steroids and cardiac glycosides were present in all the samples. Terpenoids and reducing sugar were absent in Momordicacharantia, flavonoids and glycosides were absent in Momordicafoetida while only reducing sugar was found to be absent in Momordica cissoids. The mineral analysis result showed that calcium is most abundant, (781.0 mg/100g) in M. charantia, (902.0 mg/100g) in M. foetida and (753.2 mg/100mg) in M. cissoides. The heavy metal lead was detected at low levels in the three samples; (0.07 mg/100g) in M. charantia, (0.06 mg/100g) in M.foetida and (0.08 mg/100g) in M. cissoides. The findings suggest that the three momordica species are very good sources of phytochemicals, with essential nutritional, medicinal and chemoprotective prospect.


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