(A Peer Review Journal)
e–ISSN: 2408–5162; p–ISSN: 2048–5170


Pages: 818-821
Samaila Kunden Ishaya and Madaki Hycenth Daleong

keywords: Deficiency, internal drainage, productivity, salinity, sodicity


Water used for irrigation contains several substances that may affect the productive capacity of soils and yields of crops. The study analysed soil properties on irrigated lands along FarinRuwa River. A total of 8 soil samples were taken at both dry and raining seasons on irrigated fields near Mangar town in Wamba Local Government Area, Nasarawa State. Standard laboratory methods were used to determine the concentrations of the variables covered by this study. Electrical conductivity and pH were determine by Jenway portable meter, sodium, calcium and magnesium by Ammonium acetate leaching method, potassium by Atomic absorption spectrophotometer, nitrates, lead and boron by Cadmium extraction method, available phosphates using Olsen sodium bicarbonate method, Cation Exchange Capacity by Ammonium acetate method, nitrogen % by Macro Kjedhal wet oxidation method and particle size analysis by Hydrometer method. The results from this study showed that sodium 0.92 and 0.95 me/kg was low in the soil when compared to ions of calcium and magnesium. Trace elements such as iron 1.8 and 1.7 mg/kg, lead 0.11 and 0.15 mg/kg and boron 0.42 mg/kg for dry and rainy season, respectively in the soils were within the levels considered for irrigation. Nitrates 0.06 and 0.05 ppm, phosphates 3.0 and 3.19 ppm and nitrogen % 0.26 and 0.14 for dry and rainy season were low and deficient in the soil. The electrical conductivity of 202 and 490 uS/cm showed salinity built up in the soil for both dry and raining seasons. The pH of 4.47 and 4.92 were acidic below the level at which solubility could be reached. The study therefore recommends that there is the need to increase the application of organic and chemical fertilizers to raise nutrients deficient in the soil and raise the frequency in application of irrigation water to leach the excess salinity observed for the soils.


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