(A Peer Review Journal)
e–ISSN: 2408–5162; p–ISSN: 2048–5170


Pages: 835-841
M. Umar, A. L. Ahmed, B. Balarabe and A. Adamu

keywords: Borehole, groundwater, geoelectrical cross section, vertical electrical sounding


Geohydrological investigations are performed to assess the groundwater parameters for locating suitable sites for groundwater exploration and resource management in Rafin-Bareda of Dutsen-wai. Thirty-six vertical electrical soundings (VES) using Schlumberger configurations were carried out at selected locations in the area. The interpretation of sounding data has been accomplished using the software ipi2win. On basis of interpreted sounding results, eight geoelectrical cross sections have been generated along the profiles. The interpretation of data revealed four layers, generally one top thin layer overlying the other three thick layers. Base on the qualitative interpretation of the VES data, it was deducted that VES point 15, 25, 27, and 31 are potential positions for siting boreholes with appreciable thickness of weathered basement (aquiferrous zone) ranging from 7.61 to 28.10 m characterized by structural features that enhance groundwater permeability and storage. Interpreted results are corroborated with the borehole data. The results depict proper hydrological conditions for existence of good aquifers suggesting continued supply of groundwater in the area for extended period.


Ahilan J &Senthil Kumar GR 2011. Identification of aquifer zones by VES method: A case study from Mangalore block, Tamail Nadu, S. India, Archives of Appl. Sci. Res., 3: 414- 421. Ahmed AL 2006. Detailed Radiometric survey of the AlbiteRiebeckite granites of Dutsen-wai ring Complex. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Physics, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Ajakaiye DE & Sweeny JF 1974. Three dimensional gravity interpretation of the Dutsen-wai complex. Nigerian younger granite province. Tectonophysics, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 24: 331-341. Black R &Girod M 1973. Late Paleozoic to Recent igneous activity in West Africa and its relationship to basement structure. In: TN Clifford and IGGass (Editors), African Magmatism and Tectonics. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, pp. 185-210. EhirimCN&NwakwoCN 2010. Archves of physics Research. Vol. 2: pp. 396-403. Ekwe AC, Nnodu IN, Ugwumbah KI &Onwuk OS 2010. Estimation of aquifer hydraulic characteristics of low permeability formation from geosounding data: A case study of Oduma town, Enugu State Nigeria.Medwell Journals, 4: 19-26. Jacobson, R. R. E. and Macleod, W. N. (1977). Geology of Liruei, Banke and adjacent Younger granite ring complexes. Geological Survey of Nigeria Bulleting 33: 1-117. Kumar R, Tiwari AK, YadavGS& Singh NP 2014. Geohydrological Investigation using vertical Electrical Sounding at Banaras Hindu University Campus, Varansi, UP India. Int. J. Res. Engr. &Techn., 3: 252-256. Oladapo MI 2013. Hydro-geoelectric study of Ijare town Southwestern Nigeria. Int.J. Water Reso. &Envtal. Engr., 5: 687-696. Ologe M 1971. Geomorphology of Zaria and its region, Department of Geography occasional paper, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Raeburn C, Bain ADN& Russ W 1927. The tinfields of Zaria and Kano provinces. Geol. Surv. Niger. Bull., 11. Saminu O 1999. Geophysical Investigation of Federal College of Education, Zaria. Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis. Department of Physics, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. ShemangEM 1990. Electric Depth Sounding at selected Well Sites within Kubani River Basin Zaria. Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis. Department of physics, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Sultan ASA 2012. Groundwater Management by Using Hydro- Geophysical Investigation: Case Study: An Area Located at North Abu Zabal City, Hydrogeology - A Global Perspective, Dr. Gholam A. Kazemi (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-51 0048-5, InTech, Available from:http://www.intechopen.com/books/hydrogeology a global- perspective/groundwater-management-by-using-hydro-geophysical- investigation-case-study-an-arealocated-at-north. Telford WM, Geldart LP, Sheriff RE & Keys DE 1976. Applied Geophysics London: Cambridge University Press. Telford WM, Geldart LP & Sheriff RE 1990. Applied Geophysics second edition Cambridge University Press London, pp. 522-525. Turner DC 1963. Ring structures in the Sara-Fier younger granite complex, northern Nigeria. Q. J. Geol. Sot., London, 119: 345-366. Turner DC 1972. Structure and tectonic setting of the younger granite ring complexes of Nigeria and southern Niger, Part I: ring complexes and their component units. Savanna, 1: 223-236. Turner DC, Bowden P, BagnettJN, Ike EC, Abaa SI, Kinnaird JA, Abernethy CA, Badejoko TA &Moyes AB 1978. The northern Nigeria Ring Complexes. St. Andrews University Younger Granite Research Group (1973-1978). Zohdy A 1965. The auxiliary point method of electrical sounding interpretation, and its relationship to the Dar Zarrouk parameters. Geophysics, 30(4): 644-660.