keywords: Cocoa, labour turnover, organization performance
The study examined the effect of labour turnover on organization performance in cocoa research institute of Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from seventy four (74) employees of the institute using stratified random sampling technique. The results show that majority (70.2%) of the respondents were within the age range of 30-50 years, while (56.8%) of them were males with a mean working experience of about ten (10) years. Findings revealed that the major factors identified as the causes of labour turnover were nature of work/poor working condition (𝒙̅ = 4.28), unfair and inconsistent compensation and benefits system in the organization (𝒙̅ = 4.01), while the least factors responsible for the intension of the employees to leave the organization were inadequate training for staff (𝒙̅ = 2.49), supervisors are not approachable (𝒙̅ =2.38) and family to work conflict among employees (𝒙̅ = 2.23). Inferential statistical results showed that there were significant relationship between respondents educational level (χ2=14.45, p<0.05), income (r=0.240, p<0.05), age (r=0.213, p<0.05) and organisational performance in the institute.Also the persons product moment correlation analysis (r=0.016, p<0.05) indicated that labour turnover had significant effect on the organizational performance in the organization. The study established that there was a significant relationship between labour turnover and organizational performance. Though the relationship is negative; hence high staff turnover adversely affected organizational performance.It is recommended that positive measures should be adopted by managers and supervisors in order to maintain satisfied employees and reduce labour turnover in the organization.
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