keywords: Accident, environment, fabrication, hazards, operations, safety, welding, workshops
Welding operations are characterised by high levels of uncertainty due to the nature of their challenging field of operations. Given that welding projects presents a variety of potential hazards including exposure to welding fumes, radiations, particulates and gases, analysing the welding operations requires experience of professionals who understands the processes of welding and their various hazards. Modelling of welding accident hazards indicates that the multitudes of stakeholders involved in fabrication/welding operations are faced with dynamic environmental factors which often lead to breached in safety and causing disruption of operations. Therefore, the safety of welders and other stakeholders involve in welding project is very important. This review is focused on the background study of welding processes, analysis of common and special hazards in fabrication/welding environment, potential hazards associated with welding operations, risk governance in fabrication, welding safety and management programs in support of welding operations. It is envisaged that sufficient knowledge and attention to hazards in welding projects will be a safeguard to business losses.
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