keywords: Medicated soap, microbial sensitivity, phytochemical screening plants
Medicated soap (slightly yellow in colour) was produced using bark extract of Vitex doniana and a mixture of shear butter oil and palm oil. The saponification value for shear butter oil and palm oil were 185 and 244 while that of iodine value 4 and 13, respectively. The parameters determined to ascertain the quality of the soap were pH 8.6, moisture content 12%, total fatty matter 63.5%, acidity 0.02%, chloride content 0.6%, foam height 1.5 cm insoluble matter 1.5% and microbial effect. Insoluble matter were higher than expected value by NAFDAC, the effectiveness of the soap produced was analysed and it was found to be sensitive to Staphylococcus aurues with a zone of inhibition measured as 0.5 cm.