keywords: Potassium bromate, bread, carcinogenicity, NAFDAC, Birnin Kebbi
In 2003, NAFDAC which is the regulatory body concerned with the regulation of drugs, foods and chemicals in Nigeria banned the use of Potassium Bromate in bread because it poses a risk to human health and has been classified as type 2b carcinogen. In view of the foregoing, studies has been carried out to estimate the different concentration of use by the bakeries. In this study, twenty low price bread and fifteen high price bread were obtained from different bakeries within Birnin Kebbi metropolis. Qualitative and quantitative analysis indicates that, all the bread samples contain Potassium Bromate in quantities that transcend the limit recommended by NAFDAC. Twenty two of both low and high price bread samples are registered by NAFDAC while the remaining thirteen bread samples are not registered. The amount of potassium bromate in different low price bread range from 4.829 – 11.769 µg/g and 4.93 – 8.07 µg/g for the high price bread. It is therefore concluded that, exigent measure is required by the regulatory bodies to ensure that there is strict compliance to the ban of the use of potassium bromate as bread additive.