keywords: Contraception, epidemiological, HIV positive, knowledge, perception
An integral part in the comprehensive care of HIV and a significant health service is contraception. Sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected region, having 25.8 million of all people with HIV infection living in the region and approximately 3.5 million people are living with HIV infection in Nigeria majority of whom are in their reproductive years. There is reduction in AIDS-related deaths among women (33% decrease) compared with men (15% decrease) reflecting higher treatment coverage among women than men, 52 and 41%, respectively; also men account for 58% of adult AIDS related deaths. The key goal of programs should be to promote greater equality between men and women in the area of reproductive health. If there is neglect then this means that patients on antiretroviral therapy who are healthy and as such may engage in high-risk sexual behavior are at risk of transmitting HIV to sero-negative partners and re-infecting themselves with new strains of the virus. There are previous studies carried out to assess the uptake and knowledge of contraception among HIV positive women and prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) in both urban and low resource setting. Research carried out to know the perception and utilization of HIV positive men are few, this review aim to outline the knowledge, perception and uptake of contraception among HIV positive male patient.