keywords: Lipid, constituents, Nigerian, kilishi, meat product
We have reported on the lipids constituent of kilishi. The followings were observed on this unit (g/100g): crude fat (14.2); fatty acid (13.0); other lipids (1.19); whereas energy results from the weights were (kJ/100g and kcal/100g): crude fat (525/128); fatty acid (481/117); other lipids (44.1/10.7). The SFAs ranged from 0.00 - 25.3% of total FA leading to total SFA of 33.4% with corresponding edible portion of FA (EPg/100g) range of nd to 3.30 and total of 4.34. For the monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), FA range was 3.04e-4 to 21.9% with a total of 41.2% and corresponding EPg/100g range of 3.95e-5 to 2.84 and total of 5.36. For ω6 (n-6) PUFA, FA range was 1.32e-3 to 13.1% with a total of 18.9% and corresponding EPg/100g of 1.72e-4 to 1.70 and total of 2.46. For the ω3 (n-3) PUFA, FA range was 5.72e-3 to 4.85 with total of 6.54 and corresponding EPg/100g range of 7.44e-4 to 6.30e-1 with total of 8.51e-1. The energy contribution from the various constituents were (kJ/100g and kcal/100g): SFA (161/39.1); MUFA (198/49.2) and PUFA (122/29.8); meaning that energy contribution ran thus: MUFA>SFA>PUFA. The values of the following quality parameters were relatively high: MUFA/SFA, PUFA/SFA, EPA/DHA, LA/ALA, AA/DGLA, EPSI, C16: O: C18:1 cis-9, %C16: O in SFA, %C18: O in SFA, AA/EPA + DHA and TUFA. The sterol levels were with a total value of 81.1 mg/100g; cholesterol predominated at a value of 74.0 mg/100g (91.2%). The phospholipids levels were all high based on their high percentage levels at total value of 5586 mg/100g which ranged between 192-3262 mg/100g. Phosphatidylcholine (PC) predominated (3262 mg/100g and 58.4%). Hence, kilishi lipid is good nutritionally for man.