keywords: Coping strategies, food security, Kaduna State, socioeconomic attributes
The study established the relationship between socio-economic attributes and food insecurity coping strategies adopted by crop farmers. Specifically, the study described socioeconomic characteristics of the household; establish the food security status of farming households in the study area; describe food insecurity coping strategies adopted by the farmers and determine the link between socioeconomic attributes and food insecurity coping strategies adopted by the farmers. A multistage sampling technique was employed in selecting 240 crop farmers from the 4 ADP Operational Zones of the state. Questionnaire was used to elicit data from farmers. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, food security model and multinomial logit model. The study showed that about 80% of the farmers had formal education. About 61% of the farmers were food secure, while 39% were not. Limiting size of food consumed, changing crop varieties, engagement in non-farm activities, were among the food insecurity coping strategies of farmers. Age of farmers, years of education, extension visits and years spent in cooperatives had significant relationship with food insecurity coping strategies. It was therefore recommended that the number of ADP extension staff should be increased so that extension staff visit to farmers could be at least three times a year, in order to provide effective extension visits to farmers so as to give advice on different ways to cope with food insecurity in the state. Government should provide incentives to farmers such as price ceilings and price floors and also buy surpluses from farmers, this will motivate farmers to produce more than enough that will take care food insecurity in the State.
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