keywords: Pyrolysis, biomass, biochar, feed stock pollution
Biochar, a porous carbonaceous material, blessed with strong anti-decomposition characteristics and aromatization is made by subjecting Biomass to heating at a near zero air supply under controlled temperature of about 650oC and pressure. Biochar finds its applications in the areas of environmental remediation, agricultural practices, water treatment and Animal Production. However, the method of production of Biochar conventionally requires a large span of land which may no longer be useful after a prolonged thermal degradation of the soil. Again the level of pollution created during the burning of the Biomass affects the environment and the ozone layer thus affecting climate change negatively. As a result of these, this research work is therefore important and necessary in that it will address these shortcomings by designing and developing a machine for biochar production capable of eliminating these potential treats and dangers associated with crude methods of bio char production. A machine capable of producing biochar, mitigate air pollution, reduce land wastage as a result of burning and obeys the principle of pyrolysis has been designed developed and tested. The result of the test showed a remarkable departure from the old method of production by eliminating all potential shortcomings as listed above. We therefore recommend this device and its products to our rural farmers for increased agricultural produce all year round.