keywords: Edo; effects; farmers; flooding; multistage; perception
Flooding can be seen as an inundation of water in a place that is naturally dry. Flood is one of the natural hazards devastating the environment over the years. Some of the factors resulting to flood disaster include dumping of solid wastes in stream, river channels, surface drains, along the road side and on the flood plain. When it happens it brings about the destruction of lives, crops, farmland etc. This paper aimed at evaluating the perception and effects of flooding on crop farmers in Edo State, Nigeria. Sample size was determined using Taro Yammane formula. A total of 400 crop farmers were drawn as the sample size. The study used survey research techniques where questionnaires designed in liket scale were distributed to the crop farmers obtained using multistage sample technique. The data obtained was analysed using mean and standard deviation and the result obtained revealed that most of the crop farmers were literate and had high awareness of flooding with consequential effects on them. Therefore, government should construct adequate drainage system to convey excess runoff away to safer locations so as to reduce the incidences of flood occurrences.