keywords: Birds, farming, logging, human activities, reserve
Study on the relationship between communities of birds and human activities in the Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta Nature Reserve were necessary because of dearth of information. Transects sampling method was used to survey birds in the reserve along eight transects of 1km each. All birds detected and sighted within 30meter radius from the point count stations were recorded for period of two years from October, 2013 to September, 2014 and from October, 2014 to September, 2015. The results showed a total population of 1,203 birds. There was reduction in the bird population, species richness, and Simpson’s index of diversity, evenness, families and orders of bird encountered during the second year. Cultivated lands significantly influenced bird population and bird species richness; F (1, 6) = 6.269, p = 0.046 and F (1, 6) = 7.364, p = 0.035. It was that farming within the reserve negatively influenced population and species of birds in the reserve. Based on conservation implication, it is recommended that more efforts should be applied by the University management to protect and conserve the reserve.